Synagogue after the destruction
Hamelin experienced hitherto unprecedented levels of attention during the "Third Reich": the "Reich Harvest Festival" organised in 1937 on the nearby Bückeberg mountain brought hundreds of thousands of people to the town.
The Jewish townsfolk were increasingly marginalised and disenfranchised. The synagogue was destroyed in 1938. In 1942, all the Jews of Hamelin, with just a few exceptions, were shipped to concentration camps.
During the Second World War, Hamelin was spared major bombings for a long time. It was only in the last few months of the war, in 1944 to 1945, that it suffered more frequent air raids and many hundreds of lives were lost.