through the old town cannot fail to see the magnificent Renaissance gables. They were built by the citizens to show off their new-found self-confidence and wealth.
But it is behind the façades that it gets really interesting: for example, the window 'frames' in the Leisthaus show how they cut corners where no-one could see. On the outside, they are freshly carved in the Renaissance style. Inside, you can see the older decoration: They are not new, they have just been turned around.
The 30 Years War was a hard time for Hamelin. The bridge over the river was of real strategic importance in the battles. Would Hamelin need to revert to Catholicism again? Many citizens feared that it would. Catholic troops occupied the town for many years. The people suffered terribly. It was Duke Georg of Lüneburg who put an end to their suffering in 1633. After a long siege, he forced the occupiers to withdraw. It took a long time for Hamelin to recover.
The elevation to a regional stronghold provided an economic boost, but also brought problems in its wake. The elevation of the Guelphic lords to Dukes and Kings of Great Britain as of 1714 turned the castle into a frontier outpost of a major empire. Hamelin was soon to fear the consequences. During the Seven Years War, the city and surrounding area became the showground for global political confrontations. It was the wars with revolutionary France which finally led to the downfall of the castle. It was completely destroyed in 1808 on Napoleon's orders.