a market town in a strategic position along a number of trade routes and near the Weser crossing. The settlement grew, it was first mentioned in 1170 in Helmold von Bosau's Slawenchronik. Shortly afterwards, it was described as a fortified town with a strong political system.
Archaeologists are still discussing the exact location of the walls and moats built in the 13th century. It is possible that the monastery area was not originally included and had its own fortifications. Fortification columns can be seen in the exhibition. They have been dated by analysing the rings and patterns in the timber. The oldest dates back to 1310!
There have been many disputes about Hamelin. And many changes in power over the city. There were a steady string of new alliances and fallings-out between the lords, citizens and canons. Visitors can try out the power table to see just how quickly the balance of power can shift. By applying force, you can steer the ball towards you, but you need to let go again soon.
There is a tradition of working hard and making money in Hamelin. Craftsmen joined together to form cooperatives and thus increase their influence. Tradesmen, bakers, butchers and cobblers formed the most powerful groups in the town. The town's wealthy families started out from among their ranks. They lived and worked along the central streets of the town. Osterstrasse and Bäckerstraße. This is why there are so many exciting findings from the archaeological excavations in these areas.
Hamelin became successful and was one of the most powerful towns in the Duchy of Brunswick by the late Middle Ages.